Patching Up: how we fixed our settling cracks

As I alluded to in my last post, we have a lot of settling cracks in our house. They can be attributed to the age of the house/foundation (built in 1949), life with pier-and-beam foundations in general, a record drought the summer after the new drywall was installed, some skimping on the part of the sellers, and not fixing them the best way when we first tried.

After getting the foundation re-shimmed, I took it upon myself to over-research (OCD engineer style) the absolute best way to get rid of the ridiculous cracks in our walls. The two best resources I found via the internet was this website, which describes how drywall should be taped and mudded when you are installing it new, and this series from DIY network describing different types of cracks. And in case you wanted to know (and even if you don’t), here’s what we did to fix the cracks in the closet.

Know your problems
From lots of photo comparisons, I broke our house down to three types of cracks: corner cracks, wall cracks, and way too much plaster cracks. The corner cracks were most likely caused from the drywall being improperly installed and mudded, since the paper tape they used de-laminated from half of the corner, and I chose to just scrape everything down in the vicinity of the corner to start from scratch as if the drywall was just installed (a la tutorial 1). The wall cracks were likely from settling cracks in the drywall, and should be solved a la tutorial 2. The way too much plaster cracks look terrifying, but I think are just improperly installed cracks with way too much mud covering the rest of the wall and will just require a larger area of demo as the corner cracks, but with the same fixing technique. Luckily there aren’t any of these in the closet, so we can ignore them for now. Apologies to our future guests, who have to stare at the giant one in the back bedroom.

Gather your supplies
For Demo: little putty knife, utility knife, broom and dustpan, drywall sanding blocks

Honestly, it is amazing that I have yet to break any of those tools

For Taping: At least a 6″ and 12″ putty knife (a 10″ knife would be helpful too), setting joint compound (hot mud), pre-mixed all purpose joint compound, drywall tray, mesh tape.

Joint compound not shown because that bag is heavy and I didn’t want to drag it into the bedroom

The info we read up on says that the mesh tape is better than the paper tape because it has a little more strength too it, a little more give, and acts more like a matrix holding the joint compound to the wall instead of the joint compound sitting on either side of the layer.  Think of it like rebar, and the joint compound is like the cement mix being poured around it, or for the dorky engineers out there, like a fiberglass composite.  The other thing which pushed us to use mesh tape is that the guys before us had used paper tape, and it was practically peeling off the walls.

The biggest difference between the hot mud and the joint compound is the hot mud sets, or cures and hardens through a chemical process, and the all-purpose joint compound dries, or cures and hardens through evaporation.  The hot mud can be sanded and have a second layer applied much sooner (ours is a 15 minute cure time vs 24 hours with the premixed stuff), but most places said the joint compound has a better finish and is easier to sand.  We have not had good luck working with the joint compound, since it seems to dry into un-workability much faster than Brien could smooth it out, and we were in a bit of a time crunch to get the closet painted before the start of the work week.  SO we just went with the setting type for everything in the closet.  And if it looks bad once painted: we won’t do it again on the walls that anyone else will see.

Prep the Area
This is the really hard work that got me down last weekend.  If you wish you had traded your task with your husband, who is out in the Texas summer mowing the yard, it’s not a good sign.  The first step is to cut into the wall around the crack with a utility knife, to see what type of damage is there. Then, scrape back all the previous layers of joint compound and paper tape down to the drywall (more or less) in an area large enough to lay a new layer of tape down.  I used the utility knife to mark out the boundaries of the destruction zone, and then chipped, scraped, and peeled away at everything, slowly and frustratingly.  There were areas where I accidentally dinged the drywall paper in this, but since we would be taping over it I didn’t stress about that.  Also because the process was painfully slow: imagine all of the horror stories you have ever heard about taking of wallpaper, and then make the wallpaper hard and dusty.  That was what I spent my afternoon doing.  Finally, sand down the wall so it is nice and smooth, then vacuum things up. And after all that hard work, here’s what the cracks should look like (pardon the poor white balance).

TapingWallsPic

      Fix The Walls
It is really hard to take pictures in a closet that gets zero natural light while trying not to bump into the person with the tray of hot mud, so we don’t have a lot of process shots here.  Also, I don’t know if we did things the best way – we just worked and did what seemed best at the time. Like using our fingers to smooth things in at one point in time, and constantly switching between different knives.  Essentially, the process to fixing the walls was as follows:

  1. Mix up the hot mud.  The box said the consistency should be like cake batter, but we made ours a little runnier to give us a little more working time and allow it to spread more thinly.  Somewhere in between cake batter and pancake batter.
  2. Put a layer of hot mud on the wall over the cracked area, smooth it out.
  3. Place the mesh tape over the crack and seat it in the hot mud.  This is difficult, and where we used a combination of tools to get things to work.  Mostly, it came down to using our fingers to get the tape stuck to the wall, the 6″ putty knife to make sure it was seated in there and pushed into the corner, and the corner knife to smooth things out, followed by another smoothing coat of the 6″ putty knife.
    For us, working in 8 ft. sections of wall was the best balance between mixing up larger batches without running out of time before it began to set.
  4. Wait for the compound to set.  The best way to tell if it’s ready is it will turn from grey to white.  We waited extra long (4 hours) since we were running other errands, but it looked mostly white after 1 hour.
  5. Place another layer of joint compound (or hot mud like us) on top of the first.  Start using the larger putty knives to feather it out as you are smoothing.  Wait to set again.
  6. Sand the wall down so there isn’t any visible pitting or ridges in the plaster, but don’t sand so far that you can clearly see the texture of the mesh tape.  Protip: using a wet sanding block with knock down the amount of dust in the air.  This is helpful if you want to be able to breathe.
  7. Repeat step 5, and then step 6 again.  Maybe an extra time if you think it could be smoother and look better with the rest of the wall.  You want everything to be as even with the surrounding drywall as possible, so it won’t show the seam.
  8. Prime those spots, and you are ready to paint the whole wall!

Although originally I wanted to do all of the wall mending here, Brien took over since he has the experience and it worked out well for us. I would hand him whatever tape or tool he needed next, and he was much better at smoothing the joint compound out.  While I warned him that this meant I would not be working on the other parts of the house since he was taking my practice cracks, the current system of me demoing and him fixing is going well enough that I think we can make it through the whole house this way.

Working in the cramped closet is not without its frustrations, but after doing a section of wall we talk through what we think would work better the next time, what worked best in that section, and what area we want to hit next.  Then I do a final prep (no loose dust, taping off the molding, gathering supplies again) while Brien mixes the next batch of compound.

But in the end, we haven’t killed each other, we have learned a lot about the process, and (most importantly) there is one room in our house that is crack-free! And that is a huge relief.

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Lots of Work, Little Progress

As a little background story, when we fell in love with our house, we knew we were buying a house with settling cracks. You could see them, but we didn’t think they would be that hard to patch. What we didn’t know was that we were buying a house with some real foundation problems that needed more than the band-aid the house flippers had given it…

Two re-shims, four new piers, and probably 200 ft. of soaker hose later, we have a house that is mostly level with doors that can consistently be opened and closed, although they still stick a bit. We also have tons of cracks in the walls from the process, and our motivation to fix them had nearly petered out until I took up the style cure, the blog, and a “no time like the present, even in little pieces” attitude.

So far, the style cure has been moving along well, and I even felt a little bit ahead of the game. However, this weekend was one of those weekends, where I put a lot of hard work into the closet but have very little to show for it, and it kind of got me down on the whole thing. I didn’t get ahead painting like my sister, didn’t make it to the container store, and didn’t fix any of the many settling cracks in the closet. But a lot of hard work went into the prep work, so I’m going to focus on what did get accomplished.

1 – I have two sections of cracks ready to get plaster applied to them! The short stretch on a flat wall and small corner section under the closet shelf will make great trial areas for the floor to ceiling cracks I have coming up.

2 – It could have been worse! The prep work consisted of scraping every last bit of paper tape off the wall, and sanding off the previous joint compound until it was all smooth. While half of the crack was like getting all the paper wrapper off warm caramel candies (you know, where you end up eating paper because you can’t taste it anyways and it’s just not worth it), at least the other side had totally delaminated from the wall and came off in a couple of tugs!

3 – My wrists don’t hurt today, even after all that hard work scraping and sanding! This is a big deal for me – Mum can tell you roughly why here.

4 – There hasn’t been any clothing or jewelry left scattered about the room this past week! Yup, my confession and cleaning out my closet shelves have really helped motivate me to keep the clutter down.

5 – Trying to document things for the blog has meant having my camera out and about the house, which leads to cute pictures of my dog! And on that note, I will leave you with this.

 

Style Cure: Planning and Cleaning

Most of this past week in the Style Cure has been pretty boring, involving cleaning, planning, and more cleaning.  It really does no good to have a stylish room if it isn’t clean, so I spent a better portion of the weekend dusting, sorting, and vacuuming.  Part of cleaning is also getting rid of stuff, so I said goodbye to quite a bit of old costume jewelry from the high school dance era.  It was (weirdly) fun going through all of those things, although the highlight of it was finding an earring which had been lost for the past 2.5 years.  Makes me glad I hoarded the other one!

I also made this lovely floorplan to show roughly the layout of our room, and our color choices! The bedroom is already painted Frosty by Valspar, and for the closet we decided to go one shade darker/more saturated and paint it Valspar’s Sea Wave.  So although it seems subtle in the pic below, since the closet gets no natural light I’m hoping it will come across as maybe a little darker.

BedroomFloorPlan

Side Note: Ellen helped us in picking out paint colors and painting when we first moved in, and she was constantly telling me I picked the wrong color for the bedroom. Worst paint-color-picker-helper ever.

 

As far as planning goes, a trip to the container store is definitely in our future.  I’d like to tackle my closet shelves once and for all, which means better box systems to put everything in.  I love the look of these pretty grey boxes, but the linen drop-front boxes may be more practical and are definitely more Brien’s style.  I’d also like to create a jewelry holder like some of the ones I have obsessively pinned on pinterest – I’m leaning between a combo of this one for dangly earrings, this guy for necklaces, and maybe a small bowl to catch my stud earrings.  I don’t need a lot of storage because I am happy with my jewelry box for the rarely worn pieces, but I want a better way to not tangle the 5-10 pieces I wear most often.

So with the closet cleaned out, I’ll be spending the rest of my week prepping the walls for painting, including fixing some cracks in there.  I’m also gonna spend more time deep-cleaning the bedroom itself by trying to get a stain out of a rug and repairing our duvet/cover.  Yes, both problems can be attributed to a certain guilty party…

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(This is the only time I have been able to catch the guilty dog look on camera)

But with that cute face, I think I may have to forgive him.

I lost the first draft of this. It was much better.

So I have some before and almost immediately after photos of my bedroom. The purchase of new furniture as mentioned previously was the reason I chose to update my bedroom. It’s also smaller and more manageable compared to the combo living/dining/study room.

I had much more to say earlier but my draft vanished as I was using an old out of date version of chrome. Anyway here are the pictures.

Before: Notice the tons of closet space (be jealous Em), natural light from a south facing window, and the curtains it took me a year to purchase and install. The dresser and bed are left over from college. Everything else from before that.

closets and junk

closets and junk and space

old dresser and closet

old dresser and closet sorted by color

 

SO EMPTY

SO EMPTY

pile of junk

ye old pile of junk

So last weekend I purchased a headboard and two dressers so now my bedroom looks more like this:

dressing area

new stuff yay!

new dressers

yes i need to fix that bottom drawer

i've been searching for one for forever

the headboard is the biggest accomplishment. I’ve been looking for one for ages.

So this weekends projects include picking up a quart of paint for an accent wall, cleaning all the things, fixing the dresser, and eating tons of fruits and vegetables (more on that later)

Any suggestions on bedding or accent colors is much appreciated. Cheers!

This Post Is Embarrassing – The Style Cure Before Photos

But first, a conversation with my husband:
Brien – “What are you doing with your camera?”
Me – “Taking before pictures of the bedroom for the style cure, ya know?”
Brien – “We’re not even going to clean it first?”

We had already spent an hour over the weekend doing laundry and tidying up the bedroom.  I thought it looked fine, but he helped me clean for the next thirty minutes to get to the pictures below. I’m glad we did straighten up the room; these photos look much better than the room usually does.  It may not be as true to the my life, but I would rather have these pictures on the internets.

And thus the embarrassment. Hello, my name is Emily, and my bedroom is perpetually messy. Shut the door when guests come over, step over piles of clothing messy. Ask any person who has ever lived with me. Mum will vouch for it too, and I can’t blame her for liking Ellen and her childhood bedroom more.

So part of my goal in this style cure will be to make a room that is easier to keep clean. The majority of the improvements will focus on the closet and practical things, but there will be some fun art-related stuff on the bedroom side to de-clutter the space. So here are some pictures of the room, as well as some of the improvements I (and Brien, reluctantly) would like to make.

IMG_5694_2

Looking into the bedroom from the hallway.  The white area on the wall is a crack that has been partially patched, and then left that way for a year.  We need to fix that.  The chocolate stain on the rug is from a guilty dog who decided he liked nutella, and that the best place to eat it would be the corner of the bedroom.  Brien would like to try some more things to get that stain out, but we probably should just flip the rug around.  Admittedly, the room doesn’t look that bad from this angle.

IMG_5697

This angle is where things start to get bad.  My personal pet peeve with the room is the closet – that color is what the bedroom used to be, and I think it looks way too yellow compared to the calm blue bedroom.  The shelf by the door just landed there one day, but needs to go since it is just collecting dust and some random bits of clothing.  You can see more wall cracks (curse you foundation!) and some artwork that needs to be hung up.
IMG_5698_2

And now you see why the closet is my main focus.  I really need to find a better way to organize my jewelry and winter scarves, and please don’t mind the shoe explosion.  The one thing Brien wants out of the closet is better organization for our suitcases (currently shoved into the corner behind my skirts) and our camping gear up top.  There is so much storage space in this closet but we aren’t using it well – nothing a trip to home depot and the container store couldn’t fix.
IMG_5695And one last shot from the closet back to the corner windows.  They let in so much light and I would love to make that more of a reading nook in the bedroom, but that may be a future project.  The mini goal for this cure: getting those boxes (of Christmas decorations and heavy blankets, in case you were curious) out of the bedroom.  And a project I’ve been meaning to tackle but haven’t found the perfect thing for yet – changing out the drawer pulls on my Ikea dresser to make it a little less overwhelmingly black.

Looking at the photos a few days removed from taking them, I’m remembered of the things I most like with the bedroom.  That shade of blue makes me so happy, and I love curling up under that fluffy white duvet.  And I also find the room so much more relaxing when it is as clean as it is in the photos, so hopefully the style cure will help me keep it that way through better motivation and organization.  But are we trying to do the impossible?